Monday, February 29, 2016

Through History with The New Monday Quiz: the 1220s

It's been a few weeks since the last Monday Quiz.  Rather to my surprise, there have been mild complaints.  Well, here we go again!  Another decade of progress, horror, invention, and incident!

1. In England, trial by ordeal was abolished by 1220. What was "trial by ordeal"?

2. Sometime between 1220 and 1243, Ljubljiana was granted its town charter. Today, the city ranks with Ulaan Baator and Ouagadougou among national capitals with the coolest names. But, of what country is Ljubljiana capital?

3. After a revolt against the Chichen Itza-based ruling elite in 1221, the city of Mayapan was built to be the new capital city, a role that it would fill until the 1440s. Or at least, that’s how we think things might have happened. Of what civilization was Mayapan the cultural hub of the “Late Post-Classic Period”?

4. Also in 1221, Merv – up to this time, one of the largest cities in the world – opened its gates to an army led by one Tolui. Subsequently, according to the Persian historian Juvayni, Tolui
…ordered that, apart from four hundred artisans… the whole population, including the women and children, should be killed, and no one, whether woman or man, be spared. To each [soldier] was allotted the execution of three or four hundred Persians. So many had been killed by nightfall that the mountains became hillocks, and the plain was soaked with the blood of the mighty.
Tolui was the fourth son of what better-known, but equally sociopathic, historical figure?

5. At the Diet of Fehérvár in 1222, King Andrew II of Hungary was forced to sign the “Golden Bull,” a document increasing the power of the Hungarian nobility and reducing royal authority. The Golden Bull was almost certainly inspired and influenced by what English document of seven years before?

6. 1222 is the first recorded use of this banner – or at least the rampant lion; the border was probably not used until half a century later.  Although now officially restricted to use by representatives of the Sovereign and at royal residences, the Royal Banner continues to be one of what country’s most recognizable symbols?

7. In 1224, St. Francis of Assisi became the first recorded stigmatic. What’s a stigmatic?

8. In 1226, Rǫgnvaldr Guðrøðarson was overthrown as King of the Isles. The Kingdom of the Isles had at this point been around for 300 years or so, but would only last a few more decades. Which isles?  Where?

9. Lý Chiêu Hoàng was the only empress regnant (meaning, a ruler in her own right, as opposed to the wife of a ruling emperor) in the history of her country. However, since she was six years old when she assumed the throne in 1224, and surrendered her authority after an arranged marriage to Trần Cảnh in 1225, it’s safe to assume she wasn’t really able to implement much of a personal policy vision. Of what country was Lý Chiêu Hoàng briefly the child empress?

10. Hey, speaking of Hungary (as we were, back at question #5): Since 1211, a military order called the “Teutonic Knights” had been fighting on behalf of King Andrew in exchange for control of a chunk of the kingdom. In 1224, Andrew was alarmed to learn that the knights had asked the Pope if they could answer directly to him, instead of to the Hungarian crown. What, roughly speaking, do you suppose happened to the Teutonic knights as a result?

Through History with The New Monday Quiz: the 1210s

1. The Jin were routed by the Mongols.
2. The Livonian Crusade was the Christian conquest of the Baltic, particularly modern Latvia and Estonia.
3. The Battle of Navas de Tolosa was the beginning of the endgame in the Reconquista, the Christian conquest of Islamic Spain.
4. The Children's Crusade happened, or probably didn't happen, in 1212.
5. The Ten Foot Square Hut is an important piece of medieval Japanese literature.
Extra 5. King Tamar the Great was different from most kings in that he was a woman.  Not in the newfangled "Bruce Jenners is a woman" sense, of course.  She just ended up occupying and doing a good job in a conventionally male role, and it was easier to call her the king than to rethink the conventions.
6&7.The four artworks: the first is the roof of a German church, the second is a Japanese carving, the third a Chinese painting, and the fourth a Persian plate.
8. June 15, 1215, Runnymede: the Magna Carta!
9. Khwarazmian Smarkand and Urgench were slaughtered by the Mongols.
10. Al Mansurah is in the Nile Delta, in Egypt. *Not* India.

And geez, all four people who threw down -- pfly, Susan, the Owl, and gS49 -- did at least as well as I did, returning to the questions a month after I wrote them.  I SALUTE YOU AWESOME QUIZ-TAKERS.


Morgan said...

1. To see if someone is guilty, stick 'em with a red-hot poker, and if they hurt, then God hates them enough for them to actually be guilty.
2. Slovenia.
3. Chichen Itza strikes me as either South Asian or South American. Mayapan suggests "Maya" as the answer, so I'll go for that and kick myself if it was "Inca" as my initial guess was.
4. Genghis Khan
5. Magna Carta.
6. My first thought was France, but they don't have royalty anymore. My next thought was Wales, but they didn't have royalty in the 1200s. I'm going to guess Spain - the color scheme seems to match.
7. Some sort of religious thing, probably.
8. The Isles are just west of Great Britain.
9. The accent marks suggest Vietnam.
10. I'd assume they were expelled from Hungary.

Unknown said...

1. Be made to do something that ought to kill you. If you are not guilty, God will save you.
2. ooh! Slovenia! I think!
3. The Maya, and I've been to Mayapan.
4. Er...Xerxes? Attaturk? No? Someone in between, then.
5. THE MAGNA CARTA (does that really just mean "the big letter"?
6. Austria
7. Someone who gets sympathetic stigmata, stigmata being what a person gets when they are crucified, eg. bleeding holes through the hands and feet. Nothing to do, I don't think, with astigmatism.
8. Considering the name, some islands in the vicinity of Scandinavia.
9. Considering the name, Vietnam.
10. I expect they all got their heads cut off.

DrSchnell said...

1. Probably had to do something dangerous and if they survive, they're not guilty because god and stuff....
2. Slovenia
3. Mayans
4. Genghis Khan?
5. Magna Carta
6. Scotland?
7. get holes in you in all the proper crucifyin' spots so's you look all Jesusy.
8. Norway? And, um, those islands by Norway
9. Vietnam
10. Heads on a pike or some such Gameofthronesy fate.....

pfly said...

1. Like, drunking people in ponds and stuff? Basically torture?
2. Slovenia, isn't it?
3. Oh I remember getting Chicken Itza wrong before. It's the Mayans, isn't it?
4. Genghis Khan, I presume?
5. Magna Carta, I presume?
6. Is it England?
7. A person who bleeds from their palms, Christ like, isn't it?
8. Those islands on the west side of Scotland, like the Hebridies and stuff.
9. Those names and writing look rather Vietnamese.
10. Um, the Teutonic Knights were not given a chunk of Hungary? Roughly speaking...

Anonymous said...

1 - Ordeal such as being thrown into a tank of water. If you floated
you were Good, if you sank you were Evil.
2 - Slovenia
3 - The Mayans
4 - Tamarlane
5 - Magna Carta (again)
6 - Great Britain
7 - Bearing stigma similar to Christ's
8 -
9 - Vietnam
10 - They were exiled
10 -

UnwiseOwl said...

1. A not very subtle way to provide gruesome entertainment to the masses by doing unpleasant things to people and trusting God to get them out of it if he likes them enough.
2. Solvenia? I gets them mixed up.
3. That's the Mayans, I guess? Never heard of Mayapan, but there's a bit of a hint in the name.
4. Ghenghiz Khan.
5. Magna Carta
6. Scotland's
7. One who exhibits the wounds of Christ on the cross. I did not remember that about St. Francis, that crazy cat.
8. I'm thinking Soreyar, or whatever it was called, off the Western Coast of Scotland, presumably about to become part of Scotland? Thanks, Crusader Kings.
9. Gotta be Vietnam.
10. I have no idea. Presumably Andrew didn't like that and they didn't get that chunk of Hungary after all.