The Thursday Quiz is a twelve item is-it-or-isn't-it test of your knowledge, reasoning, stamina, and moxie!
Remember always the Fundamental Rules of the Thursday Quiz:
1. The Thursday Quiz is a POP quiz. No research, Googling, Wikiing, or use of reference books. Violators will never be able to look at themselves in the mirror again.
Real and Bogus in the History of South America
2. Don't get all stressed out about it! It's supposed to be fun!
Which of the following statements are true? And which ones are appalling lies?
1. It is now generally believed that the indiginous South Americans were descended from ancient peoples who were separated from early human populations in Africa when the two continents were divided by continental drift.
2. Potatoes, beans, and peanuts were all domesticated by prehistoric South American people.
3. The Inca Empire had its origins, apex of power, and decline at about the same time as Europe's Roman Empire; by the time of European contact, the empire had long since vanished.
4. The 1555 Treaty of Tordesillas shaped the future development of South America by dividing the Americas between a British North and a Spanish South.
5. Brazil, South America's most populous country, achieved independence peacefully in the 1820s.
6. Simon Bolivar, the famous South American revolutionary leader, was the son of a British aristocrat, and was never able to speak more than a few sentences of Spanish.
7. The Spanish-American War of the 1850s dramatically weakened Spain to such an extent that its South American colonies were finally able to achieve full political independence.
8. From 1864 to 1870, Paraguay fought the "War of the Triple Alliance" against Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. The war devastated Paraguay, resulting in the death of roughly half of its national population and utterly destroying its economy.
9. During the 1960s and 1970s the civilian governments of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay were all overthrown by military dictatorships sponsored by the United States.
10. Ecuador and Peru went to war over a border dispute three times in the 20th Century, in 1941, 1981, and 1995.
11. Brazil, as you would expect, has about 1/3 of South America's people; more surprisingly, small but highly urban Uruguay has the second-largest population.
12. Ethnicity varies a lot in South America. In countries like Argentina, more than 4/5 of the population is of European descent, whereas in countries like Bolivia, more than 4/5 of the population is of full or partial Native American descent.
State your answers in the comments.