1844 - 1916
Eakins was uncompromisingly committed to realism in his art, the foundation of which, as he had learned in Paris, was the study of the nude body. When he became a teacher at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he insisted on the use of nude models in mixed classes. In that, he was too modern for Philadelphia, and it led to his expulsion. ....Eakins declared to Philadelphia the lesson Paris had taught him -- that realism and modernity are inextricably linked. -- Art, The Critics' Choice
- Crushed German pioneer Adam Elsheimer in Round 1.
- Soundly defeated Belgian James Ensor in Round 2.
- Racked up a strong victory on late votes against Jan Van Eyck in Round 3.
- Beat Lyonel Feininger in Round 4.
Caspar David Friedrich
1774 - 1840
Friedrich created a new kind of landscape painting; in his pictures landscape becomes a symbol of human feeling. The special trait of his approach to landscape is that the eye is pulled into the far distance, as the path here is lost in the farthest depths of the forest. This compositional peculiarity originates in the predominant sentiment of his period -- longing, aspiration toward the unknown and the illimitable. Nature for Friedrich is a mirror Held up to Man's soul, and it can become this because he himself has no doubts of the quintessential oneness of nature and man. -- 20,000 Years of World Painting.
- Wrecked Dame Elisabeth Frink's hopes in Round 1.
- Unstrung Naum Gabo in Round 2.
- Crushed Jean-Honoré Fragonard in Round 3.
- Beat Artemisia Gentileschi in Round 4